Stream 3: People and management
- Ulrike Kronfeld-Goharani
- Kiel University, Germany
Global tourism that is for some islands and coastal regions the number one economic driver places an ever-greater strain on the ocean and coastal populations. In 2015, nearly 1.2 billion people traveled abroad. For most of them, a holiday by or on the sea is the ideal image of a relaxing vacation. However, with the growth in tourism related problems are starting to multiply: Air travel and increased traffic increase CO2 emissions in coastal regions. The expansion of infrastructure, like hotel complexes and marinas, reduces available open space. Since every tourist wants comfortable accommodation, pressure on natural resources like fresh water increases. At the same time, huge quantities of wastewater and garbage are generated. The many tourists place a burden on the beaches and dunes and many of the world’s coasts have reached their tourism capacity while increasing cruise tourism exerts even more pressure.
The session will focus on the following questions:
- What is the actual trend in global maritime tourism?
- What are the main challenges to meet the increasing problems caused by tourism?
- Which local experiences exist and which approaches are being pursued to tackle the problems?
- What are potential solutions to create a more sustainable tourism?